|mv fromfile tofile||Move or rename a file or directory|
|cp fromfile tofile||Copy a file - like mv but fromfile is unchanged|
|rm filename||Remove (delete) a file. |
|mkdir dirname||Make a directory. |
|rmdir dirname||Remove an empty directory. rm -r removes a directory and everything in it.|
|ls file||Lists a file or directory.
|ls -l file||Shows the attributes of the file specified.|
|ls ||Lists all the files in the current directory.
|ls -l ||Shows attributes for all the files in the current directory.|
|cd dirname||Change to directory dirname.
|cd || Change to your home directory.|
|pwd||Print the name of your current directory. (Present Working Directory).|
|gunzip file ||Uncompress a .gz file.|
|tar xvf filename ||extract the components of a tarfile.|