Mahmoud R. El-Sakka and Mohamed S. Kamel, "A Segmentation Criterion for Digital Image Compression", IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, ICASSP'1995, pp. 2551-2554, May 1995, Detroit, Michigan, USA.
This paper is concerned with segmenting light intensity images for the sake of compressing them using lossy compression techniques. Among the most commonly used techniques for image segmentation is Quad-tree partitioning. In this technique, block variance based criteria are usually used to measure the smoothness of the segmented blocks and to consequently classify them. Block variance, however, does not consider the pixel value distribution within the block. Instead of using the block variance as a segmentation and classification measure, we propose using the mean squared deviation from the neighboring pixels mean. The proposed measure is capable of differentiating between blocks not only according to block pixel values but also according to their distribution within the block. This leads to a much better image segmentation and consequently to higher image compression ratios with lower image degradation. The results show the superiority of the proposed measure over the ! block variance measure.