Ahmed H. Mamoon, Mohamed S. Balba, Yousry El-Gamal, Mohamed Tarek, and Mahmoud R. El-Sakka, "The Integrated Navigation System," Maritime Research Journal, pp. 1-23, No. 13, May 1989.


The development of a fully Integrated Navigation System (INS) for ships involves a variety of research activities. These activities include, automatic ship steering, electronic maps/charts, and high resolution radar imaging. In this paper, the technical aspects of these areas are surveyed and discussed.